US Patent 9,500,381: Multiuse Reactors And Related Methods
ABSTRACT: A septum is positioned within a disposable vessel and defines a lower chamber and an upper chamber. The septum includes a plurality of apertures that provide fluid communication between the upper chamber and lower chamber. Compressed gas is introduced in the lower chamber to produce fine bubbles rising up throughout the vessel to produce a mixing and gasification needed for the growth of a biological culture and manufacture of a biological product in a nutrient medium. Adding a binding resin to the upper chamber allows harvesting, separation and purification of biological products in the reactor as a single unit operation.
1. A reactor capable of holding liquid comprising: a) A flexible disposable bag comprising a top layer, a bottom layer, and a perforated sparging middle layer held in close proximity to the bottom layer by a plurality of spot welds between the bottom layer and the middle layer; b) At least one liquid inlet; and at least one liquid outlet; c) At least one gas outlet connected to the top layer d) At least one gas inlet connected to the bottom layer and further connected to a source of compressed gas; e) At least one sampling port; f) An outer support to hold the bag, additionally comprising a heating and/or cooling element.
2. The reactor according to claim 1, wherein the flexible disposable bag is capable of withholding a pressure of up to at least one-pound force per square inch or 6,894.76 Pascals.
3. The reactor according to claim 1, wherein the top, the bottom, and the middle layers are made of polyethylene, polypropylene, or polycarbonate.
4. The reactor according to claim 1, wherein the perforations in the middle layer are distributed uniformly or non-uniformly throughout the middle layer.
5. The reactor according to claim 1, wherein the diameter of the perforations in the middle layer ranges from about 1 .mu.m to about 1000 .mu.m.
6. The reactor according to claim 1, wherein the perforations in the middle layer are from about 1/32 to about 1 inch apart.
7. The reactor according to claim 1, wherein the liquid is nutrient media or buffer solution.